Genetics and Chance

Genetics and Chance

In recent articles, I’ve touched heavily on the amount of pure blind luck evolutionists rely upon to support their theory. In this article I’m going to expand on that a little and attempt to demonstrate how monumental an issue this is by working through DNA and genetics.  This article will discuss the likelihood of just one small change and attempt to illustrate the impossibility of blind luck creating what we observe today.  Note that this article assumes the preexistence of an organism and DNA to work with. Whether those could come into existence on is a topic for another article.

The example I decided to use for consistency sake throughout this article is that of the Golgi body. A Golgi body  is an organelle inside a cell which packages proteins and nutrients within the cell and ships them where they are needed. Evolution claims that Golgi bodies developed by random chance over millions of years due to unguided mutations. In order for this to have occurred, changes would have needed to occur within the cellular DNA. DNA is the information each cell needs to live and reproduce. For a primer on DNA, see the article here.  DNA base pairs code for specific sequences of amino acids which eventually fold into proteins. In order to create a Golgi complex from whole cloth as it were, the organisms DNA must change so that the information required comes into existence.

Golgi bodies contain thousands of different proteins. Thus the code to make a Golgi body must contain the information for those proteins. Some of those proteins are not unique to Golgi bodies, but some are and thus require new information to arise. Evolutionists claim that rearranging the DNA sequence via mutations is the answer to how this new information arises.

Mutations can rearrange and delete pieces of existing information, evolutionists have that right.  However, thinking of this as new information is a result of flawed logic. Consider this example.  If you were to take Tolstoy’s classic novel War and Peace and randomly pull sentences from it and fill three hundred pages with them, would that be considered a novel? Of course not. Unless those sentences take a cohesive shape and tell as story, what you have is not a novel, but a collection of random sentences with no collective meaning.  What mutation does to DNA is actually worse than pulling random sentences. Instead of pulling whole coding sequences from the code, the sentences of our example, mutations take random slices from the DNA. This results in a jumbled scrapheap that no more resembles information than three hundred pages of randomly selected phrases and letters from War and Peace resemble a novel.

Despite the obvious problems, evolutionists will still claim that mutations have the potential to produce new information. In making that claim they are correct. However, potential to do something and actually doing something are completely different. I have the potential to throw my computer down a flight of steps but I have yet to do so.  Further, to produce even a simple cellular organelle like a Golgi complex would require a tremendous amount of luck as I will illustrate below.

As I noted above, Golgi bodies are made of thousands of proteins. I selected just one, alpha tubulin, to illustrate the absurdity of evolution. Alpha tubulin is found in microtubules within the Golgi complex which help stabilize it. A single alpha tubulin protein consists of over four hundred and fifty amino acids.  Remember, each amino acid is coded for individually and in sequence by DNA to make the alpha tubulin protein. Using the codon dictionary found below, we can trace back to the DNA code needed for just a small slice of the alpha tubulin protein.

 

geneticcode01

The sequence I have pulled from the alpha is not terribly long, merely twenty-five amino acids in length, but it is enough.  It is below.

Isoleucine-Histidine-Phenylalinine-Proline-Leucine-Alanine-Threonine-Tyrosine-Alanine-Glycine-Histidine-Phenylalanine-Proline-Leucine-Alanine-Threonine-Tyrosine-Glycine-Isoleucine-Phenylalanine-Proline-Leucine-Alanine-Arginine-Phenylalanine.

Abbreviated it goes as follows: Ile-His-Phe-Pro-Leu-Ala-Thr–Tyr-Ala-Gly-His-Phe-Pro-Leu-Ala-Thr-Tyr-Gly-Ile-Phe-Pro-Leu-Ala-Arg-Phe

Knowing those abbreviations, we could translate this back into RNA. For sake of making this simple, I have bypassed that step and have jumped straight back to the DNA sequence required to produce this tiny section of alpha tubulin protein.  The DNA sequence could go as follows: ATA-CAT-TTT-CCC-CTC-GCA-ACT-TAT-GCC-GGA-CAC-TTC-CCT-TTG-GCC-ACA-TAC-GGA-ATA-TTC-CCC-CTC-GCG-AGG-TTT

For a sequence of twenty-five amino acids seventy-five nucleotides on the DNA strand must line up in exact order.  To make a full protein of four hundred and fifty amino acids, over 1300 nucleotides must be in order. This is just for a single protein in a single organelle of a single cell.  To illustrate how difficult this is, getting just two nucleotides in the correct order has a probability of just over six percent.  Getting thirteen hundred and fifty in a row has a probability of 1.65 x10 to the -813 power. Translating that to English from math, that means that lining up those nucleotides in the exact order based on pure chance has about the same chance of happening as me making a professional baseball team without ever training for the sport.  Remember this is to make just one protein, of one part of one cell.

Most of you can already see where I am going with this. The statistical improbability of just getting one protein by random chance is staggering. Yet evolutionists want us to accept that the entire universe appeared by chance. In order for them to accept this, they are forced to believe that evolution occurred against all laws of probability. Thus evolution is either false, or the luckiest process ever to occur in the universe. Just making a single protein by chance is nearly impossible. Making the two hundred plus cell types in the human body, each of which contain thousands of proteins, is impossible. There had to be a Designer.

 

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